Trump addresses leaders at United Nations as nuclear weapon ban treaty dawns

Posted September 22, 2017

Earlier on Wednesday, more than 50 countries signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons at a signature ceremony held at the United Nations headquarters in NY.

Amid deepening anxiety over the risk of war between the United States and North Korea, much of the global community is embracing the new Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

It was passed by the United Nations on July 7, 2017 and for the treaty to come into effect, signature and ratification by a minimum of 50 countries is required.

"There remain some 15,000 nuclear weapons in existence".

The Treaty will enter into force 90 days after it has been ratified by at least 50 countries. Nuclear-armed countries also declined to participate in the entire treaty process, from its negotiations to its adopting vote.

"The world today needs the promise of this treaty: the hope for a future without nuclear weapons", he said.

"We need to get the message out to the Australian people that we expect better from our government, we want them to engage in this nuclear disarmament initiative", Wareham said.

But even Japan, the only nation to have suffered atomic attack and a longstanding advocate of abolishing nuclear weapons, boycotted the treaty negotiations.

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Similarly, South Africa abandoned development of nuclear arms prior the end of apartheid, and Libya did likewise under Muammar Gaddafi.

Many world leaders have dedicated a portion of their speeches to the General Assembly this week to addressing the North Korean nuclear threat.

Under the 1968 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, signed by almost all nations, parties are required to "pursue negotiations in good faith" aimed at advancing nuclear disarmament.

Also speaking was Peter Maurer, president of the International Committee of the Red Cross, who said the organization received a cable from Hiroshima on August 30, 1945 describing a "city wiped out", a great number of dead and over 100,000 wounded.

As well as prohibiting nuclear weapons, the treaty also requires the provision of aid to victims and environmental remediation. The signing took place during the High Level Ceremony for the opening of the signing of the Treaty. Two hours later after the document had been passed, the UK, US and France released a joint statement vowing they would never become party to the treaty.

Fifty countries so far have signed on to the first treaty to ban nuclear weapons.

The new agreement is partly rooted in the disappointment among non-nuclear-armed nations that the Nonproliferation Treaty's disarmament aspirations have not worked. Because It's a close USA ally and it's protected by the US nuclear umbrella.