It has recommended that states set up Kanji Houses/ Pinjrapoles with a minimum capacity of 500 cattle each in every district to ensure that rescued/ abandoned animals are adequately cared.
The move will help in tagging and tracking cattle so that they are vaccinated on time and scientific intervention is made available for better breeding and increasing milk production, doubling the income of dairy farmers in the process by 2022.
The submission by the Centre to have UID for cows came in a plea by Akhil Bharatiya Krishi Goseva Sangh to check the "depletion of indigenous livestock and unabated and unbridled illegal and wrongful smuggling of cattle to Bangaldesh through borders of India".
The Central Government told the apex court that a Committee headed by Joint Secretary, Home Ministry was formed, which has given these recommendations.
"At the central level, monitoring could be done by Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC)/Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF)".
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The Unique identifier (UID) will have details like age, breed, sex, lactation, height, body, color, horn type, tail switch and special marks of the animal. Enforcement agencies working in areas near the India-Bangladesh border must lay emphasis on intelligence and information on smuggling of animals so effective steps could be taken to prevent cattle smuggling, the Centre added.
The tag would allow technicians to use a tablet to maintain an online database of Unique Identification numbers for cows. It said "mass-tagging" of cattle was already practised for insurance objective.
"The compliance of the order would entail making a uniform act for cow preservation and protection in India".
Blaming the government for not focusing on serious issues like malnourishment, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen chief Asaduddin Owaisi said, "Controlling cow smuggling is fine, but the priorities of the government are completely misplaced".